Day: November 13, 2007
Benefits of workplace rituals
13 Nov, 2007, 0657 hrs IST,
Think about your typical day: You take the same route to the office, listen to a specific radio station in the car, buy a cup of coffee or newspaper from a particular vendor, and exchange a standard joke with the receptionist or security guard. You don your favorite clothes for an important meeting, consistently choose the same mug, and reward yourself with a treat for completing a dreaded task.
For the most part we choose to think about work as rational, goal-driven , and devoid of sentiment . However, the research of psychologists, anthropologists, and sociologists increasingly shows that the modern workplace may be among the most complex ritual systems ever developed. Familiar practices and rituals support collaboration in the workplace and allow individuals to create meaning in their work.
Employees embrace workplace rituals as a way of gaining control over situations or to help them cope with daily stresses and strains. Rituals also have a positive impact on morale, making workers more confident and creating a sense of security. This sense of security may include scrawling our names on staplers, rulers, and hole-punchers . More importantly, it is a way for members of a work team to create and share bonds, ideals, and a sense of commitment to what they are doing.
President and Founder
Healthy Workplaces,Sioux Falls, SD
Soft skill planning
13 Nov, 2007, 0658 hrs IST, TNN
Try to do your planning at the same time every day. Use this time to review past accomplishments as well. Look at your schedule for tomorrow and note your available or non-scheduled time. Use one planner to keep track of your appointments . Keeping a separate business &personal planner creates confusion. Write out a To Do list every day.
Include items that can be completed, such as “Prepare exhibits for monthly report” , rather than just “Work on report.” Separate your To Do list into A, B and C priorities . “A” items are important to your long term success, “B” may be urgent but not as important and “C” are those that would be nice to do if you get the time. Start with the A items. Don’t work on a C just because it’s easy to do.
Also, break your A items into small manageable chunks, so they’re easy to accomplish. Check off items as you complete them to give yourself a sense of accomplishment. Block off time in your planner for major activities . Schedule loosely. Leave yourself enough free time to deal with interruptions and emergencies . Make a daily appointment with yourself for at least 30 minutes (sixty minutes is better). Close your door. Work on whatever must be done.
Making a valid deed
11 Nov, 2007, 0230 hrs IST,Ashish Gupta, TNN
In case of property transactions, various types pf deeds need to be drawn up. These may relate to agreement to sell, sale agreement, power of attorney and so on. Certain basic points need to be taken into account while drawing out these legal documents. The main content of a deed includes:
1. The names of the parties -buyer and seller, lessor and lessee etc
2. Terms and conditions related to the sale or transfer of the property
3. Details of the parties
4. Details of property in question
5. Sale consideration agreed on 6. Advance amount paid 7. Mode of payments 8. Time limits for payment of consideration
9. Timeframe for handing over original documents of the property 10.Timeframe for handing over possession of property 11. Indemnity provisions for the parties.
The deeds should be prepared on non-judicial stamp paper of requisite value as prescribed by the Stamp Act of the State concerned. Different States have different valuations and stamp rules related to property transactions in respect of sale, mortgage and leases.The purchaser is liable to pay the stamp duty in accordance with the applicable stamp rules. Normally, a deed should be executed by all the parties concerned.
All pages of the deed are to be signed. The deed should be witnessed by at least two witnesses giving their full names, signatures, particulars and addresses. Most deeds related to immovable property need compulsory registration at the jurisdictional sub-registrar’s office. All the parties concerned need to be present at the time of registration. All documents should be presented in original.
In case the purchaser cannot be present personally before the sub-registrar, he can give a power of attorney to someone to sign and present the documents on his behalf. The photos of the purchaser, thumb prints and signatures are entered on the deed. The documents should be presented for registration within four months from the date of execution. If it is not done within four months, a grace period of another four months is allowed on payment of a penalty.
A maximum penalty of 10 times the registration charges may be levied by the registrar. The liability to pay the stamp duty as well as registration charges lies with the purchaser of the property. The terms and conditions contained in the deeds should be clear and unambiguous. Any vague references and ambiguous connotations may give rise to misinterpretation and disputes between the parties.
The details of the property should be specifically and clearly defined. The exact location of the property, whether the property is a leasehold property or a freehold property etc should be mentioned. The details of how the owner of the property got ownership should also be mentioned. The details of registration already done with the office of the registrar should be mentioned as well. It should also be stated whether the property is free from any encumbrances or not, or whether there are any charges on the property.
The date from which the transaction is going to be effective should also be mentioned in the deed. The purpose of drawing the deed should be clearly mentioned – whether it is an agreement to sell, a sale agreement, a lease agreement, or a licence agreement. The law will go by the nomenclature used to find the true nature of the agreement. The deed should be signed, preferably by the parties themselves, in person.
In case the person cannot be present due to unavoidable circumstances, the executor should have proper power of attorney from the original party to enter into the transaction on behalf of the original party. Such power of attorney should be registered with the office of the registrar. The signatures of the parties should be properly attested.
Eat fish, veggies to boost memory
A diet rich in fish, omega-3 oils, fruits and vegetables may lower your risk of memory-affecting diseases like dementia and Alzheimer’s, a new study says.
But consuming omega-6 rich oils could increase the chances of developing memory problems.
Findings of the study have been published in the November issue of Neurology, the journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Foods high in omega-3 oil include fish like salmon, sardines, trout and herring, and walnut, flaxseed oil and canola oil. Shrimps, clams, tuna, catfish, cod and spinach also contain omega-3 oil.
Foods rich in omega-6 oil include corn, safflower, sunflower, soybean and cottonseed oil.
For the study, researchers at the National Institute for Health and Medical Research, in Bordeaux, France, examined the diets of 8,085 men and women over the age of 65 who did not have dementia at the beginning of the study.
Over four years of follow-up, 183 of the participants developed Alzheimer’s disease and 98 developed another type of dementia.
The study found people who regularly consumed omega-3 rich oils reduced their risk of dementia by 60 percent.
People who ate fruits and vegetables daily also reduced their risk of dementia by 30 percent.
The study also found most people who ate fish at least once a week had a 35-percent lower risk of Alzheimer’s disease and 40-percent lower risk of dementia.
The researchers also found that people who regularly use omega-6 rich oils, but not omega-3 rich oils or fish, were twice as likely to develop dementia.
“While we’ve identified dietary patterns associated with lowering a person’s risk of dementia or Alzheimer’s, more research is needed to better understand the mechanisms of these nutrients involved in these apparently protective foods,” the researchers said.